application of silicon carbide grinding wheel

silicon carbide grinding wheel is an extremely fast-cutting mineral used to grind non-ferrous metals quickly. Additionally, silicon carbide can also be used for cutting PVC pipe.Aluminum oxide wheels provide an efficient means to grind soft materials such as aluminum and copper, but provide sharp initial cuts on harder steels as well. Although not as tough or durable as silicon carbide wheels, silicon carbide wheels still deliver sharp initial cuts with great initial precision cutting performance.


Silicon carbide grinding wheel can be utilized for various metalworking applications, including welding work, multipass grinding and cut-off operations on steel and non-ferrous metals.

These abrasives can also be utilized in other manufacturing processes, including glass and ceramic cutting, polishing and deburring. Furthermore, these products come in an assortment of sizes, grits and particle size distributions to meet the requirements of various industrial users.

Abrasive grains serve their main purpose by grinding away material. Over time, this wear wears out and blunts out each individual grain abrasive grain while simultaneously clearing away unwanted surface material from workpiece surfaces.

Abrasive grains are made from various materials, such as aluminum oxide, cubic boron nitride (CBN), diamond and silicon carbide. Each material possesses its own set of characteristics that help match them to specific applications.

CBN abrasives are high-speed, hard-wearing abrasives designed for grinding superhard, high-speed steels such as tool and die steels and other hardened cast irons. Furthermore, CBN can also be used on difficult-to-grind metals like Inconel(r), stainless steels and titanium alloys.

Green silicon carbide abrasive material is more pure than black silicon carbide and often used on non-ferrous metals for precision work. It offers a high cut rate.

Other types of abrasives available today include aluminum oxide, zirconia alumina, synthetic diamonds, garnet, emery and quartz abrasives. Each grain’s composition allows it to perform exceptionally in specific grinding jobs.

Bonding refers to the chemical binding mechanisms that hold together abrasive grains on a grinding wheel. Bonds are usually composed of specially selected clays which are heated in kilns used for wheel production before cooling, creating an interconnection between each abrasive grain and adjacent ones.

Once these grains are combined together, their spans form a matrix that supports them while they cut, enabling the wheel to remove stock material at an extremely fast rate while providing consistent cut rates.

Bonds play a critical role in the performance of grinding wheels, keeping their abrasive grains securely attached. Furthermore, their wear and tear resistance helps expose new grains over time for increased cutting speed and an optimal cut rate.


Bonding a grinding wheel is an integral step of its production process that ensures its abrasive grains adhere to solid materials. Furthermore, this ensures an even cut rate by gradually revealing new grains as worn ones wear down over time.

Grit refers to the particles bound to an abrasive wheel and can come in various shapes and sizes. Together, these grains work to remove metal from surfaces. Selecting an appropriate grit for your application can ensure you make the most of your abrasive wheel without needing to replace it quickly.

Grits come in different grades that indicate their level of hardness; hard grains tend to be recommended for rough and coarse applications.

Soft abrasives may be used for finer grits to achieve desired performance levels; this decision typically depends on both personal preference and the material being ground.

Softer abrasives are designed for smoother and more precise grinding while hard abrasives are best used to quickly remove large quantities of material. Your choice between hard and soft abrasives will depend on both the materials being ground as well as how long you intend to use your grinding wheel.

Cubic Boron Nitride (CBN), is one of the many types of abrasives available, ideal for high-speed steels, tool and die steels, and hardened cast irons; CBN coating can improve bond adhesion as well.

Silicon Carbide Abrasives (SCC), also known as hard, sharp grains, work exceptionally well for nonferrous metals like rubber, stone, plastic and glass. SCC may also be used to cut soft cast iron, bronze and aluminum alloys.

These abrasive grains can be combined with various bonds to produce different wheel types with unique performance characteristics, for instance bonded wheels may include green silicon carbide grit and resinoid resin bond combinations.

A bonded wheel can be designed with either a hard or soft bond. Harder bonds tend to last longer if used appropriately while soft bonds wear away more quickly, exposing new abrasive grains more rapidly.

Abrasive Grits

Depending on the type of silicon carbide grinding wheel being used, various abrasive grits may be applied abrasively – each having their own special purpose and properties; it must be carefully selected according to each particular wheel model.

Aluminum oxide grits are among the most frequently used grinding media. They excel at grinding carbon steel, alloyed steel, high speed steel, annealed malleable iron (AMI), wrought iron (WI) and bronzes; as well as stone, rubber and other non-ferrous materials.

Silicon carbide grits are among the sharpest and longest-wearing of abrasives, often being formed into an angular shape before gradually being broken down to create sharp edges.

Rotary tumblers make this abrasive especially effective at surface cleaning and polishing due to its ability to break apart into small particles that reveal new, sharp edges, providing effective surface cleansing and polishing across many materials.

Other abrasive materials available for grinding applications include zirconia alumina and ceramic aluminum oxide. Each of these forms a tough, durable blend with various percentages of aluminum oxide and zirconium oxide that work well on various steels and alloys.

Abrasive grits come in various grit sizes; each having its own particle size distribution range. The smaller the number of the grit size is, the coarser is its surface area abrasiveness.

Gradated grits feature particles of almost uniform size. While graded grades of abrasives tend to be cheaper than their ungraded counterparts, additional processing may be required in order to ensure all particles have uniform sizes.

Colored grits may also be available, with colored options often considered better for harder, stronger materials like tool steels because their bonds tend to be harder than the grey and brown options commonly found.

Abrasive grits can be tailored for various uses depending on the material being ground and desired stock removal level. Formulations using various compounds or blends of other materials to increase performance while decreasing waste are all options available to create high performance abrasives grits.


Silicon carbide abrasive material can be utilized for many grinding applications. As it’s both hard and brittle, silicon carbide can be utilized on steel, stainless steel, aluminum, titanium and other metal surfaces for optimal grinding applications.

Abrasive grains used in grinding wheels play an integral part in their performance and can have a dramatic effect on its efficiency. Grit size, hardness and friability determine how fast material removal occurs in workpieces while the bond material connecting these grains to the wheel may also determine its success.

Bond materials vary in strength, hardness and porosity to affect how a wheel operates. A wheel with harder bonds is designed to last longer and operate at higher speeds than one with softer bonds.

Heat treatment allows the hardness of bonds to be altered, changing their structure in such a way as to resist penetration or indentation better, as well as impact how well a wheel stands up against abrasion.

Softer bonds wear down more quickly, exposing fresh abrasive grains more rapidly, providing for a more consistent cut rate over time as old grains break down and new ones take their place.

These factors are all essential when choosing the appropriate grinding wheel for any given task, including considering material being ground and areas of contact between workpiece and wheel.

Another key consideration when selecting the appropriate grinding wheel is machine speed. A faster-spinning grinding wheel will more quickly remove material while providing superior surface finishes.

silicon carbide grinding wheel feature abrasive grains and bonds with grades that indicate their strength, as grade can indicate whether the particles break down easily for optimal performance. Strong bonds help the wheel run at its full potential by keeping its particles broken down more readily, keeping performance at peak levels.

silicon carbide grinding wheel

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